What Are The Five Basic Rules Of Hours-Of Service (HOS) According To The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations?
There are five basic rules of hours-of-service that every property-carrying CMV driver should be know: 10 hours off duty, 8 hours on duty, 11 hours driving, 14 hours on duty, and 60/70 hours on duty. If the driver adheres to these rules, they should be in the clear. The 10 hours off duty rule states that a driver may not drive without first taking 10 consecutive hours off duty. According to the FMCSR, there are four ways to get the 10 hours of rest: (1) spend 10 consecutive hours off duty; (2) spend 10 consecutive hours in a sleeper berth; (3) Spend 10 consecutive hours using a combination of both (1) & (2); or (4) split the 10 hours into two separate periods with driving or other on duty activities in between. The 8 hours on duty rule states that driving is not permitted if more than 8 hours have passed since the end of the driver’s last off-duty or sleeper berth period of at least 30 minutes. Additionally, this “rest period” must be spent off duty and/or in a sleeping berth. The 11 hours driving rule states that a driver may not drive a CMV for more than 11 total hours following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Therefore, the driver must get at least 10 hours of off-duty time after driving 11 consecutive hours before he or she can drive again. The 14 hours on duty rule states that a driver may drive only during a period of 14 consecutive hours after coming on duty following 10 consecutive hours off duty. After the end of the 14 consecutive hour period, the driver must take 10 consecutive hours off duty. So, drivers are allowed their 11 hours of driving within this 14 hour period of time. The 60/70 hours on duty rule states that a driver may not drive a CMV after having been on duty 60 hours in any period of 7 consecutive days for companies that do not operate CMVs 7 days a week. For companies that operate CMVs 7 days a week, a driver may not drive after having been on duty for 70 hours in any period of 8 consecutive days.
If you have a question about an accident or injury involving a semi-truck and how these regulations may be important as applied to the accident call Roth Davies, LLC Trial Lawyers for a free consultation.
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